Dating preston lancs

Bronley , Brunley and commonly Brumleye [4] Origins[ edit ] Stone Age flint tools and weapons have been found on the moors around the town, [3] as have numerous tumuli , stone circles , and some hill forts see: Castercliff , which dates from around BC. Modern-day Back Lane, Sump Hall Lane and Noggarth Road broadly follow the route of a classic ridgeway running east-west to the north of the town, suggesting that the area was populated during pre-history and probably controlled by the Brigantes.

Limited coin finds indicate a Roman presence, but no evidence of a settlement has been found in the town. Gorple Road running east from Worsthorne appears to follow the route of a Roman road that may have crossed the present-day centre of town, on the way to the fort at Ribchester.

Following the Roman period, the area became part of the kingdom of Rheged , and then the kingdom of Northumbria. Local place names Padiham and Habergham show the influence of the Angles , suggesting that some had settled in the area by the early 7th century; [3] some time later the land became part of the hundred of Blackburnshire. There is no definitive record of a settlement until after the Norman conquest of England. In a charter granted the church of Burnley to the monks of Pontefract Abbey.

At this point, it was within the manor of Ightenhill , one of five that made up the Honor of Clitheroe , then a far more significant settlement, and consisted of no more than 50 families. Little survives of early Burnley apart from the Market Cross , erected in , which now stands in the grounds of the old grammar school, which is now an annexe of Burnley College.

Burnley began to develop in this period into a small market town. It is known that weaving was established in the town by the middle of the 17th century, and in a new Market House was built. The first turnpike road through Burnley was begun in , linking the town to Blackburn and Colne , and by the early 19th century, there were daily stagecoach journeys to Blackburn , Skipton and Manchester , the latter taking just over two hours. Dozens of new mills were constructed, along with many foundries and ironworks that supplied the cotton mills and coal mines with machinery and cast and wrought iron for construction.

The town became renowned for its mill-engines, and the Burnley Loom was recognised as one of the best in the world. A permanent military presence was established in the town with the completion of Burnley Barracks in This was followed by a summer drought, which caused serious problems for many of the others, leading to high levels of unemployment and possibly contributing to the national financial crisis of By there were 32 steam engines in cotton mills throughout the rapidly expanding town, [3] an example of which, originally installed at Harle Syke Mill, is on display in the Science Museum in London.

At one time, the Park district modern-day town centre, around Parker St. However, the resumption of trade led to a quick recovery and, by , the town was the largest producer of cotton cloth in the world. The building of the coal-powered Electricity Works, in Grimshaw Street, began in , close to the canal the site of the modern-day Tesco supermarket and the first supply was achieved on 22 August , initially generating electricity for street lighting.

By , there were approximately 99, power looms in the town, [15] and it reached its peak population of over , in Victoria Crosses were awarded to two soldiers from the town, Hugh Colvin and Thomas Whitham , along with a third to resident and only son of the chief constable Alfred Victor Smith. In a memorial to the fallen was erected in Towneley Park , funded by Caleb Thornber, former mayor and alderman of the borough to ensure the sacrifice of the men lost was commemorated.

The local school of art created pages of vellum with the names of the fallen inscribed. These were framed in a rotating carousel in Towneley Hall for visitors to see. There were names inscribed less than half the number of actual casualties. In the Second World War, two Distinguished Service Orders and eight Distinguished Conduct Medals , along with a large number of lesser awards, were awarded to servicemen from the town.

At Heights Farm was a bombing decoy nicknamed "Manchester on the moors". Burnley escaped the bombing, largely because it was near the limit of German bomber range and close to higher value targets in Manchester.

Although the blackout was enforced, most of the aircraft in the sky above the town would have been friendly and on training missions, or returning to the factories for maintenance. Aircraft crashes did occur, however: Lucas Industries set up shadow factories , producing a wide range of electrical parts for the war effort.

The rest of the decade saw large-scale redevelopment in the town. Many buildings were demolished including the market hall, the cattle market, the Odeon cinema and thousands of mainly terraced houses. New construction projects included the Charter Walk shopping centre, Centenary way and its flyover , the Keirby Hotel, a new central bus station, Trafalgar flats, and a number of office blocks. The area of the mine has been restored as a park.

Although the route, next to the railway and over the former Clifton colliery site, was chosen to minimise the clearance of occupied land, Yatefield, Olive Mount and Whittlefield Mills, Burnley Barracks, and several hundred more terrace houses had to be demolished. Unusually this route passed close to the town centre and had a partitioning effect on the districts of Gannow, Ightenhill , Whittlefield, Rose Grove and Lowerhouse to the north.

The s and s saw massive expansion of Ightenhill and Whittlefield. Developers such as Bovis , Barratt and Wainhomes built large housing estates , predominantly on greenfield land. In summer , the town came to national attention following rioting on the Stoops and Hargher Clough council estates in the south west of the town. Burnley has three tiers of government: Local government responsibilities are shared by Burnley Borough Council and Lancashire County Council ; at a national level the town gives its name to a seat in the United Kingdom parliament and as a result is subject to the European Parliament.

While the town itself is unparished, the rest of the borough has one further, bottom tier of government, the parish or town council.


Ormskirk is a market town in West Lancashire, which is famous for its gingerbread and boasts the fast growing Edge Hill University. An open market is held twice-weekly, on Thursdays and Saturdays. THE M65 from Blackburn towards Preston is currently at a complete standstill due to an on-going incident between Junctions five and four.

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